2005 L'Oreal/UNESCO "Women in science" awards. The smart fluids of Dominique Langevin.
At the solid physics laboratory of the Universite d¹Orsay, Dominique Langevin, physicist and 2005 "Women in Science" laureate, has developed a detergent liquid allowing to extract petroleum contained in rock, that is about 50% of the world oil reserves! As oil prices are on the rise, these processes are most interesting for oil companies. NOT TO BE PUBLISHED BEFORE MARCH 4, 2005. (Photo by Micheline PELLETIER/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)